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The modern Papago is of medium or slightly below medium stature, the women being apparently relatively larger than the men. There is a tendency toward heaviness of feature, particularly among the more sedentary groups toward Gila river ; with this exception, the features are more delicately moulded and the expression more vivacious than among neighboring tribes. The men cut the hair, rarely about the neck, commonly shingled more or less closely ; the women allow the hair to grow long, and frequently braid it or arrange it in pendent tresses. The color of the skin is somewhat variable, but of the usual coppery cast. Among the adults, and more rarely among the children, a blotched appearance is not uncommon, and many faces are pitted by smallpox. Usually the body and extremities are rather slender, but lithe and vigorous. Of late the men are addicted to intemperance in smoking and drinking ; most of them smoke cigarettes whenever they can be obtained, and nearly all drink mescal (an alcoholic liquor dis- tilled from the mescal or agave plant) inordinately whenever opportunity offerse. g., during a stay of three days at Poso Verde; near the international boundary in Sonora, only two men were found not continuously intoxicated. It seems certain that the natural features and probable that the stature and other physical characters of the men have been injured by this excessive use of narcotics and stimulants. The women are largely free from these vices. Among both sexes the dignified hospitality and reserve noted by the Spaniards three centuries ago persist. Papago etiquette demands an interval of affected unconsciousness of the presence of a visitor, whether from neighboring village or strange lands; so the visitor enters the village and rides to the very threshold of a leading tribesman without receiving other attention than furtive glances from the children ; he dismounts in the shade of the vah-toh (which takes the place of the porch or balcony of civilization), and rolls his cigarette nonchalantly as in the desert. In the course of five or ten minutes the head of the house for the time, be it man, matron, or maid, addresses a casual remark to him. At first the conversation is fitful, bout gradually the intervals of silence shorten, the host or hostess turns attention from the occupation of hands or eyes toward the visitor, and cordial relations are established. If the visitor is an old friend, the interval of ceremonious silence is shortened and is sometimes terminated by friendly greetings, though commonly these are reserved for the parting ; if a white man of distinguished bearing, a seat is placed, or a mat spread, for his use soon after his presence is recognized, and a melon or some other article of food, or a bowl of water. is placed within his reach. The visitor may then extend a general invitation to the household or village to eat with him in his camp, and may rest assured that, howsoever slender his larder, there will not be too many guests, and will find, moreover, that even after they present themselves at the camp, each guest must be personally invited once, twice, or three times (the custom varying in different villages) before he will be seated. White visitors having no appearance of distinction are treated with less consideration, and are usually expected to help themselves to water or food, while the Indians are correspondingly unceremonious in the visitors’ camp, though almost without ex-ception the courtesy of the Indian exceeds that of his visitor.